For all electronic articles, include the DOI (digital object identifier) in the reference if one is assigned. The DOI is typically listed on the first page of the article or in the detailed record of the citation. [6.31]
Journal article, one author, full-text online database, with DOI [7.01] (Perry, 1973, p.276)
Perry, A. (1973). The effect of heredity on attitudes toward alcohol, cigarettes, and
coffee. Journal of Applied Psychology, 58(2), 275-277. doi: 10.1037/h0035527
Journal article, two authors, full-text online database, without a DOI [7.01] (Baily & Sage, 1988, p.128)
Bailey, C. I., & Sage, G. H. (1988). Values communicated by a sports event: the case
of the Super Bowl. / Valeurs transmises par un evenement sportif: le cas du
"super-bowl". Journal Of Sport Behavior, 11(3), 126-143. Retrieved from
Magazine article, full-text online database [7.01] (“Call of the East”, 2005)
Note: only use article title if an author cannot be found
“Call of the East”. (2005, Feb 19). The Economist. Retrieved from
Magazine article, web [7.01] (Gleadle, 2002)
Gleadle, F. (2002). Playing with food. Wine International, 3(12). Retrieved
Gleadle, F. (2002). Playing with food. Wine International, 3(12).
Newspaper article, full-text online database [7.01] (Hudson, 2004)
Hudson, K. (2004, December 6). Center’s lessons added up. Denver Post.
Retrieved from http://www.lexisnexis.com/articles/593573
Newspaper article, newspaper web site [7.01] (Franklin, 2007)
Franklin, D.T. (2007, November 20). The scientists speak. New York Times.
Retrieved from http://www.thenewyorktimes/articles/78241
Company Web site (Youth, 2010); ("How to cut a cake", 2010); (Youth, n.d.)
Youth, J. (2010, May 5). How to cut a cake the right way. Retrieved from
OR (if no author)
"How to cut a cake". (2010, May 5). How to cut a cake the right way. Retrieved
OR (if no date)
Youth, J. (n.d.). How to cut a cake the right way. Retrieved from
The title page includes Running Head, Page Number, Title of the Paper, the Author's Name (aka: you!), and the Institutional Affiliation.
The title should be provided in title caseat the center of the page vertically and horizontally. Per APA style, you should not use abbreviations/contractions in your title, and it should not be more than 12 words in length. Also you should avoid using words that serve no purpose; therefore, the title should be very concise and should clearly describe what the paper is about.
NOTE: The full title is also at the beginning of the manuscript pages (identical in format to the one on the title page).
See page 23-24 of the manual for more information.
Author Name(s) & Institution
Beneath the title, type the author's or authors' full name(s). Do not use titles (Dr.) or degrees (Ph.D.). If there are two authors, separate the authors' names with and. If there are three or more authors, separate the authors' names with commas and use and before the last author's name. Below the author name(s), add the institutional affiliation. Spell out the name of the institution fully.
See pages 23-24 & 28 of the manual for more information.
See the example title page below: