Afua Asante Twi Essay

For other uses, see TWI (disambiguation).

Not to be confused with Tiwi language.

Twi (pronounced [tɕɥi], or Akan Kasa) is a dialect of the Akan language spoken in southern and central Ghana and also in southeastern Côte d'Ivoire[7][8] by about 6–9 million Ashanti people as a first and second language.[9][3] Twi is a common name for two former literary dialects of the Akan language; Asante (Ashanti) and Akuapem, which are mutually intelligible. There are about 9 million Twi speakers, mainly originating from the Ashanti Region[1][3] and about a total of 17-18 million Ghanaians as either first or second languages. Akuapem Twi was the first Akan dialect to be used for Bible translation, and became the prestige dialect as a result.[10]

Alphabets[edit]

Here are the Twi Alphabets (Also the Akan Alphabets - Akanfoɔ ntwerɔɛ)

Pronunciation of the Twi (Akan) letters / alphabets - Twi Diphthongs.[11]

(Sɛnea wo bɛ kan Akanfoɔ ntwerɔɛ no)

Numerals[edit]

Nkontaa (Numbers)Asante Akontaabudeɛ (Dodoɔ)Akuapem Akontaabude
1/2ɛfafa
0ohunu
1baakobaako/biako/koro
2mmienuebien
3mmiɛnsaabiɛsa
4nnan/ɛnananan
5enum/nnumanum
6nsiaasia
7nsonason
8nwɔtweawɔtwe
9nkronakron
10edudu
11du baakodu baako
12du mmienudu mien
13du mmiɛnsadu mmiɛnsa
14du nandu nan
15du numdu num
20aduonuaduonu
21aduonu baakoaduonu baako
22aduonu mmienuaduonu abien
30aduasaaduasa
40aduannan / aduananaduanan
45aduanan num / aduannan numaduanan num
46aduanan nsia / aduannan nsiaaduanan nsia
50aduonum / aduonnumaduonum
58aduonum-nwɔtwe/aduonnum-nwɔtweaduonum-nwɔtwe
100ɔhaɔha
200ahanuahanu
500ahanumahanum
1000apemapem
2000mpennumpennu
8000mpem nwɔtwempem nwɔtwe
9000mpem nkronmpem nkron
10,000ɔpeduɔpedu
100,000ɔpehaɔpeha
1,000,000ɔpepemɔpepem
2,000,000ɔpepennuɔpepennu
1,000,000,000ɔpepepem / ɔpepepeepeeɔpepepem

Ordinals[edit]

Nkontaa

(Numbers)

Asante

Mprɛ

(number of times)

Akuapem

Mpɛn

borɔfokasa nkyerɛaseɛ

english translation)

1prɛkopɛnkoroonce
2mprɛnumprenutwice
3mprɛsamprɛsathree times
4mprɛnanmprɛnanfour times
5mprɛ du-baakompɛn du-baakoeleven times
6mprɛ ɔhampɛn ɔhaone hundred times
7mprɛ piimpɛn piimany times

Common phrases[edit]

NkontaaAsante

Kasamu Atitire

(important sentences)

borɔfokasa nkyerɛaseɛ (english translation)
1Wo din de sɛn?What is your name?
2Yɛ frɛ me Kwaku PeterMy name is Kwaku Peter
3Bra ha / Bra ɛhaCome here
4Medaase / me da wo aseThank You
5Ɛkɔm de me / kɔm de meI am hungry
6AkwaabaYou are welcome
7Me retɔ adeɛI am buying something
8Me retɔ kosuaI am buying egg
9Ɛte sɛn? / Wo ho te sɛn?How are you?
10ƐyɛI am good / It is good / I'm fine
11Wo wɔ hene?Where are you?
12Me wɔ ha / me wɔ ɛhaI am here
13Wo rekɔ hene? Wo kɔ hene?Where are you going to?
14Me rekɔ KumasiI am going to Kumasi
15Onyame nyira wo / Nyame nyira woGod bless you

Conparison between Asante Twi and Akuapem Twi:

NkontaaAsante

Kasamu Atitire

(important sentences)

Akuapem

Kasamu Atitire

borɔfokasa nkyerɛaseɛ (english translation)
1Nnipa ahe na ɛbaeɛ?Nnipa baahe na ɛbae?How many people came?
2Edu ne du yɛ aduonuDu ne du yɛ aduonuTen plus (and) ten make twenty
3Yi edu firi aduonu muYi du fi aduonu muSubtract ten from twenty
4Kyɛ deɛ wobɛnya no mu mmienuKyɛ nea wubenya no mu abienDivide the answer that you will get by two
5Fa nsia yɛ ɛnan ahoroeɛFa asia yɛ anan ahorowMultiply six by four
6Kan wo nsateaaKan wo nsateaaCount on your fingers
7Wobɛtumi akan adeɛ akɔsi apem?Wubetumi akan akosi apemCan you count up to one thousand?
8Matwerɛ me yere prɛkoMakyerɛw me yere pɛnkoro pɛI wrote my wife once
9ɔtwerɛɛ nkrataa nwɔtwe nnoraɔkyerɛw nkrataa awotwe nnɛraS/he wrote eight letters yesterday
10Woatwerɛ wo nuabaa mprɛ piiWoakyerɛw wo nuabea mpɛn piiYou have written your sister many times
11Abarimaa no abu ano (nkonta) mmiɛnsaAbarimaa no abu ano (nkontaa) abiɛsaThe boy has made three calculations
12ɔpɛ anobuo (nkonta)ɔpɛ anobu (akontaabu)He likes arithmetic

Naming system[edit]

The Ashantis use a system of giving the first name to a child, based on the day of the week that the child was born, which is commonly done in Ghana. Almost all the tribes and clans in Ghana do a similar thing.

The Ashanti (Asantes) day naming system is as follows:

DayMale NameFemale Name
Ɛdwoada (Monday)Kwadwo, KojoAdwoa
Ɛbenada (Tuesday)KwabenaAbena
Wukuada (Wednesday)Kweku, KwakuAkua
Yawoada (Thursday)YawYaa
Efiada (Friday)KofiAfia
Memenda / Memenada (Saturday)KwameAmma
Kwasiada (Sunday)KwasiAkosua

In Ghana[edit]

In Ghana today, the most prominent Akan dialects are Asante Twi, Fante and Akuapem Twi, which are all closely related. For a number of different reasons, Asante Twi has become the leading Akan language (and leading native language) spoken in Ghana. Historically, the Asante kingdom played a powerful and dominant military role in this part of West Africa for a number of centuries until it was defeated by the British in 1901 and annexed as a crown colony. At the height of its power the Asante kingdom controlled an area roughly the size of modern day Ghana which would have included many traditional Akan and non-Akan territories.

These were times when rival Akan kingdoms fought among each other primarily for control of the regional trade in gold and slaves, and the area was known as the Gold Coast. Although Ghana today is an independent country with a democratic system of government, most of the traditional tribal chiefs still possess a high degree of influence, power, authority and respect among their respective people. Among the traditional chiefs in Ghana, the king of the Asantes, who is called the Asantehene, is still a very powerful and highly respected royal figure. Due to the strong influence (past and present) of the Asante people, Asante Twi has long been a language of trade among Ghana's diverse tribal groups. Asante Twi has also gained prominence by becoming the main language of Ghana's musicians, with most of the country's (older) highlife and (newer) hiplife songs being performed and recorded in Twi. Some popular Ghanaian singers may sing in Twi, though they themselves are not Akan. Officially, Ghana's national language is English, but many radio stations broadcast news and programs in Twi as well as English.

The successful spread of Twi in Ghana is no doubt also due to the fact that Twi is mainly a spoken language as opposed to a written one. Regardless of the literacy rate in the country, people still prefer to communicate verbally with each other.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ abc"Asante » Asante Twi (Less Commonly Taught Languages)". University of Michigan College of Literature, Science, and the Arts. University of Michigan. 
  2. ^"Asante – Asante Twi". ofm-tv.com. 
  3. ^ abc"Asante » Asante Twi". ofm-tv.com. 
  4. ^Akan at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  5. ^Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Akuapem". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  6. ^Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Asante". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  7. ^"twi.bb - Online Twi Dictionary - The Twi Language". www.twi.bb. Retrieved 2017-06-26. 
  8. ^Abu, Katharine; Allman, Jean Marie; Arhin, Kwame; Austin, Gareth; Busia, K. A; Clark, Gracia; Danquah, J. B; Debrunner, Hans Werner; Ffoulkes, Arthur (1999). Akan: FE12. New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files. 
  9. ^Jane Garry, Carl R. Galvez Rubino, "Facts about the World's Languages: An Encyclopedia of the World's Major Languages, Past and Present", H.W. Wilson, USA, 2001, page 8
  10. ^Ager, Simon. "Omniglot". Retrieved 11 January 2015. 
  11. ^"Akan languages, alphabet and pronunciation". www.omniglot.com. Retrieved 2017-06-26. 
  12. ^"Numbers in Twi (Twi Akontaabudeɛ/Dodoɔ)". www.abibitumikasa.com. Retrieved 2017-06-26. 
  13. ^"twi.bb - Online Twi Dictionary - The Twi Language". www.twi.bb. Retrieved 2017-06-26. 

О Боже. Значит, она слышала звук выстрела Хейла, а не коммандера. Как в тумане она приблизилась к бездыханному телу. Очевидно, Хейл сумел высвободиться.

0 thoughts on “Afua Asante Twi Essay

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *