Architectural Essay Form Medieval

Essay on Renaissance and Medieval Architecture

2537 Words11 Pages

The Renaissance Era is remembered as the age of revival of Greco-Roman or of the old antiquity in Europe. But what caused this revival? The Medieval Era, or Middle Ages was Renaissance’s predecessor. During the Medieval Era, Gothic and Romanesque Architecture was seen throughout Europe. Since Renaissance followed the Middle Ages, it is possible to describe their differences throughout Europe. The changes that happened throughout culture, religion, ideology, and government ultimately led the people of the Renaissance Era to express their skills in architecture, sciences, arts, and etc. The contrast in expression of art or architecture is apparent both eras. The ideologies among the great shifted from that of holding on to the belief in…show more content…

To many religion was everything, it is supposed to lead the people on a path to righteousness; either way defiance usually ended in death for many against the religions’ ideology. Simply, religion governed life and defiance was unacceptable. Propaganda is an easy way to influence people; an example of this is how Christianity claims the right of passage for its followers on Judgment Day, which can be seen on churches such as St. Foy, Conques (Fig.1). Entering a grandeur church offering the right to passage instead of those gloomy portraits of people getting dragged in to hell only makes one feel more respect for the church. This reinforced the churches role and kept it in power.

The feelings architects symbolized through architecture can be seen throughout the Middle Ages. Gothic architects of the era and religious factions held the belief that the taller a structure was, the closer man can be with God; things like this made the Middle Age Architecture. In Gothic Architecture Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris is one of its finest examples of its pronounced, bold style (Fig.2). Notre-Dame when completed rivaled the height of Cluny III, a Romanesque 11th century church. Gothic and Romanesque qualities are found in Notre-Dame. For starters the plan form is a traditional basilica with minor transepts, which was the original plan. During construction they decided to add flying buttresses, Notre-Dame in fact was at the time one of the first buildings to

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Pillar with Capital

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Doorway from the Church of San Nicolò, San Gemini

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Cuxa Cloister

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Head of King David

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Column Statue of a King

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Portion of a Pilaster Capital with an Acrobat

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Capital with the Presentation of Christ in the Temple (from Saint-Guilhem Cloister)

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Saint-Guilhem Cloister

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Limestone Head of Joseph

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Sculpture of an Enthroned King

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Doorway from Moutiers-Saint-Jean

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Capital with Bust of the Archangel Michael

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Support Figure of a Seated Cleric or Friar

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